Cause And Complications
Fibromyalgia is becoming a more commonly diagnosed condition. When one is diagnosed with fibromyalgia he or she will begin to form questions regarding the cause and complications of their recent diagnosis. Though they cannot pinpoint an exact cause medical professionals do have several theories and hypothesis regarding the topic.
- Central Sensitization
- Physical or emotional trauma
- Sleep disturbances
- Genetic predisposition
- Dopamine dysfunction (hypodopaminergia)
- Abnormal serotonin metabolism
- Deficient growth hormone (GH) secretion
- Psychological factors
There are several different hormonal imbalances that have been greatly researched. Some theories have not even really gotten off the ground. Three prime hormones have been researched extensively: thyroid, insulin, progesterone.
- The first is a possibility of low thyroid hormone function. After extensive research, it is common to find a thyroid deficiency in fibromyalgia patients.
- Another common hormonal disturbance thought to cause fibromyalgia is insulin. Very many fibromyalgia sufferers have hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is when the body reacts by supplying too much insulin when too much sugar is eaten. When the body supplies too much insulin, it destroys most of the sugar in the blood just a few hours after eating. The results of low blood pressure include the mind becoming fuzzy and the person becoming disoriented.
- A third chemical imbalance has to do with progesterone. Both men and women’s body produce progesterone. Its highest concentration is in the brain because it’s a necessity for nerve health and function. Progesterone works throughout the body from women’s reproductive organs to peripheral nerves. Several fibromyalgia sufferers have taken a progesterone supplement and many of their health issues have gotten much better. It is also referred to as the happy hormone because it helps to even out mood swings and lift spirits.
Other researchers have focused their studies on the possibility that stress causes fibromyalgia. During periods of prolonged stress, the body is in a constant state of emergency which can cause the adrenal gland to be strained. Add to the already stressed body an actual stressful event and the gland can cause a body that is dominated by estrogen for women and a compromise of testosterone production in men. Complications can arise from a diagnosis such as fibromyalgia making the condition a burden for those diagnosed.
Complications Connected With Fibromyalgia
Because pain is the common denominator of fibromyalgia other areas of life become complicated such as an individual’s ability to sleep. Sleep disturbance is only one area where life becomes complicated, the aching of the muscles can prevent the patient from being able to physically relax and allow sleep to sweep over him or her. Sleep or the lack of sleep is a big deal to most individuals but for the fibromyalgia patients the lack of sleep is only the icing on the cake and the start of further coexisting life complications such as:
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Memory or Cognitive Problems
- Tension or Migraine Headaches
- Impaired Speech
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder that causes pain to be felt in the abdominal area. Irritable bowel syndrome causes changes in bowel movements while producing other symptoms that are hard to manage. The symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome can range from mild to severe; the symptoms differ from patient to patient. These symptoms must be present and have had duration for a minimum of at least three months. When a bowel movement is had the pain can lessen but that does not mean that the pain will not come back. Individuals with irritable bowel syndrome constantly battle with constipation and diarrhea and a loss of appetite.
Migraine headaches can be debilitating and only add to the limitations and the frustration that comes with fibromyalgia. A migraine headache if felt on a reoccurring basis is known as a neurological condition and can cause and create chemical changes in the body that produce further symptoms. As a migraine develops the blood vessels in the brain begin to expand and their expansion causes harmful chemicals to be released into the brain which in return causes the brains arteries to come under attack. The brains arteries only line of defense is to release symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, constipation, blurred vision and diarrhea.
Endometriosis is a condition that is partial to women; this health condition develops in females when the lining of the womb begins to grow in other areas of the body. During a monthly cycle a woman’s ovaries produces hormones, the hormones are what tells the cells lining the uterus to swell and thicken. During the monthly cycle the body removes the excess lining. If these cells decide to implant or grow outside the uterus the condition of endometriosis is had. Women that develop endometriosis complain if pain, irregular bleeding and struggle with infertility. Endometriosis is a common condition and can be genetically transferable. Women who have a family history of endometriosis may experience the following issues:
- Menstruate at an early age
- Never Have Children
- Long Periods lasting at least 7 days
- Closed Hymen
The unique thing about endometriosis is that some women have no pain or symptoms and only come to discover their condition when trying to conceive.