Fibromyalgia Risk Factors
Fibromyalgia is known as a central nervous system disorder. Fibromyalgia is defined as a ‘central sensitization syndrome’ started by neurobiological abnormalities which tend to yield physiological pain and cognitive impairments as well as neuro-psychological symptomatology. This means that those with fibromyalgia tend to be more sensitive to pain, changes in temperature, as well as applied pressure; these individuals feel all of these things and more with added intensity than most people do. When describing their symptoms of fibromyalgia syndrome most fibromyalgia patients define them as lasting widespread pain, as well as fatigue, and amplified pain in response to pressure. Additional symptoms can possibly include tingling of the skin, prolonged muscle spasms, weakness in the limbs, nerve pain, muscular twitching, bowel issues, and chronic sleep difficulties. Many with fibromyalgia usually tend to wake up with body aches and stiffness. For some fibromyalgia sufferers, pain diminishes during the day and then gets worse again at night time. On the other hand some patients continue to have pain all day long. For most fibromyalgia sufferers the pain worsens with activity, cold or damp weather, anxiety, and stress all in essence intensify the pain.
Risk factors for fibromyalgia
The actual scientific cause for fibromyalgia is still not known. Many link the progression of fibromyalgia with a physically or emotionally stressful or traumatic event, for instance, like a car accident. Several tie it to repeated injuries. While others still connect it to an illness. At times fibromyalgia does seem to occur spontaneously. Studies have shown that individuals may be more susceptible to be diagnosed with fibromyalgia if they already have a diagnosis of some rheumatic illnesses, such as:
- rheumatoid arthritis
- systemic lupus erythematosus which is normally referred to as lupus
- ankylosing spondylitis which is spinal arthritis
Personal genetics is also a very possible speculation as a possible risk factor for fibromyalgia. Numerous studies identify that females who have a family member with fibromyalgia are more probable to have fibromyalgia, however the precise cause for this, whether it is genetics, shared environmental factors, or both, are yet unknown. However some of the additional likely risk factors of fibromyalgia consist of:
- Physical and or emotional trauma is believed to play a large role
- An infection, similar to a virus, even though not any have been acknowledged
- Neck trauma has also been reported to increase the risk of developing fibromyalgia
- Another hypothesis is that abnormal serotonin metabolism also plays a role
- Dopamine dysfunction is another suggested cause for fibromyalgia
- Another theory that has been recommended is an abnormal immune response to intestinal bacteria
- Stress has been found to be an important as well as a huge contributing factor in the progression of fibromyalgia
- Abnormal pain response, meaning that the regions in the brain that are in charge of pain could respond in a different way. A number of scientists speculate that an individual’s genes may control the way his or her body processes painful stimuli. According to this philosophy, those with fibromyalgia may have a gene or genes that cause them to respond strongly to stimuli that most wouldn’t tend to notice as painful. There has already been many genes identified that occur more frequently in fibromyalgia patients, and NIAMS-supported scientists are presently considering new prospects.
- Studies do reveal that the brains of fibromyalgia patients display functional and operational deviations from those of otherwise healthy persons, nevertheless it is not completely clear if the brain differences caused the fibromyalgia symptoms or if they are the creation of an unidentified original common cause.
- Yet some studies suggest that these brain irregularities may be the very likely product of childhood stress, prolonged stress, or severe stress; as in the stress that would be related to those that experienced abuse, be it emotional, mental, sexual, or physical abuse during their childhood.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition however, by working with your health care team you can get relief of fibromyalgia symptoms and get back your quality of life. Over the years, fibromyalgia has come quite a long way in attaining acceptance in the medical community. Now that the health care community better understands the mechanisms of this syndrome they do have many treatments as well as alternative methods that have been known to help sufferers decrease and cope with their pain. There are many treatments from medications to therapy to alternative as well as natural methods to treat the everyday pain of fibromyalgia.