Fibromyalgia: Risk Factors
Fibromyalgia when shortened is abbreviated as FMS. Fibromyalgia causes you to feel tired and causes muscle pain with ‘tender points’ also known as trigger points. Tender points or trigger points are places on the neck, shoulders, back, hips, arms or legs that hurt when touched as well as when pressure is applied. Those with fibromyalgia may possibly have other symptoms as well, such as difficulty sleeping, morning stiffness, headaches, and cognitive problems involving thinking and memory, which is every so often referred to as ‘fibro fog’.
At this time there is not a scientifically known source or origin for how fibromyalgia is contacted and it is believed that actually any person can get it, however it is more common in the middle-aged women. Individuals with rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases are for the most part more probable to develop fibromyalgia. There is no known cure for fibromyalgia, but medicines can assist in helping you to deal with your symptoms of this condition. However, getting adequate sleep as well as exercising can also benefit you in better managing these distressing symptoms.
Many ask, if fibromyalgia is a disease or a syndrome? Fibromyalgia is actually considered or believed to be a syndrome not an actual disease. Fibromyalgia is different than a disease, which is a known medical condition with a certain origin or causes in addition to distinguishable signs and symptoms. Whereas a syndrome is a collection of signs, symptoms, and medical complications that tend to take place together but are not associated with a specifically identifiable source.
Fibromyalgia syndrome distresses approximately two to four percent of the population, most of which are of the female gender. Physicians make a diagnosis of fibromyalgia syndrome based on the whole thing in its entirety, meaning the individual patient’s applicable indications like what they may feel and no longer just on the amount of tender points or trigger points. There is no definite test to identify fibromyalgia syndrome, however the doctors may perhaps feel the need for further lab tests or X-rays to rule out additional health problems that are similar to fibromyalgia syndrome. Even though there is no cure, costly prescription medicines can help to relieve some of the symptoms. In addition, patients may also feel better with sufficient self-care, such as exercise as well as getting an adequate amount of suitable sleep.
Fibromyalgia syndrome is known as a central nervous system disorder. Fibromyalgia is further defined as a ‘central sensitization syndrome’ initiated by neurobiological anomalies which act to yield physiological pain and cognitive impairments as well as neuro-psychological symptomatology. This means that those with fibromyalgia tend to be more sensitive to pain, changes in temperature, as well as applied pressure; these individuals tend to feel these things and more with added intensity than the majority of most people do.
As stated above, scientists at the present time still do not know what the actual cause of fibromyalgia is. For that reason the definite scientific starting point of fibromyalgia is presently not known, however, there are several theories as to what risk factors may or may not cause it. Fibromyalgia is believed to be some form of an arthritic rheumatic type of condition, so therefore those with some rheumatic disorders, for instance rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus which is typically referred to as lupus, as well as ankylosing spondylitis which is better known as spinal arthritis, possibly will be more at risk to be predisposed to fibromyalgia as well. Fibromyalgia syndrome is also thought to run in families, so a widely held theory is that a gene or possibly even a set of genes may perhaps be at least partially responsible for the condition.
Since there is so very many different ideas about potential causes, risk factors, or triggers of fibromyalgia syndrome; below is a list of a few more:
- Some believe that a viral or bacterial infection could play a part.
- Sometimes, fibromyalgia can seem to occur almost instantaneously without any known contributing factors.
- Dopamine dysfunction is an additional proposed basis for fibromyalgia syndrome.
- One theory submits that those subjected to fibromyalgia have a lower threshold for pain because of increased sensitivity in the brain to pain signals.
- Another such theory that has been mentioned is an abnormal immune response to intestinal bacteria.
- Another hypothesis is that abnormal serotonin metabolism also played a role.
- Stress can be an important contributing factor in the progress of fibromyalgia; many associate it with a physically or emotionally stressful or traumatic event.
- Several also link it to repeated injuries.