Researchers are constantly looking for the causes behind fybromyalgia. Some believe that hormonal disturbances and chemical imbalances affect nerve signaling. Others state that the deep muscle pain of fybromyalgia link it to stress, illness, or trauma. Of course, there are those that believe the cause is hereditary or that there is no cause at all. However, as much controversy there is in what the cause is, all agree that fybromyalgia is probably a result of a combination of many physical and emotional stressors.
In fybromyalgia patients, lower levels of a brain neurotransmitter, called serotonin, are speculated to cause a lower threshold to pain and greater sensitivity to pain. Serotonin is associated with a calming, anxiety-reducing reaction of the body.
Also, lowered pain thresholds may be linked to the reduced effectiveness of the body’s natural endorphin painkillers and an increased presence of the chemical called “substance P” which amplifies pain signals.
There have also been studies that link fybromyalgia to sudden trauma to the brain and spinal cord. But these are just theories and are derived from speculation.
STRESS AND FYBROMYALGIA
Some experts believe that stress plays a key role in fybromyalgia patients. Poor physical conditioning may causes fybromyalgia. Another theory suggests that muscle “microtrauma” may lead to chronic pain and fatigue.
HORMONES AND FYBROMYALGIA
Fybromyalgia is more common in women than men. An interesting fact is that studies have shown that women have seven times less serotonin in the brain than men. That may explain why fybromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is more common in women than men. Also, another theory suggests that the condition is a result of biochemical changes in the body and may be related to hormonal changes and menopause. Moreover, some people with fybromyalgia have lower levels of human growth hormone, which may contribute to muscle pain.
HEREDITY AND FYBROMYALGIA
Like other rheumatic diseases, fybromyalgia could be a hereditary trait that is passed from mother to daughter. There are some researchers who believe that genes regulate the way a person processes painful stimuli. These scientists theorize that people with fybromyalgia have a gene or genes that cause them to react intensely to stimuli that normal people would not perceive as painful. It is thought that when a person with this genetic tendency is exposed to a traumatic crisis or serious illness, there is a change in the body’s response to stress. This change can result in a higher sensitivity of the entire body to pain.
Obviously there may be many different causes to fybromyalgia. However, one thing is clear. If you experience the symptoms of chronic pain, fatigue, sleep disorders, depression, anxiety, among other symptoms, then it is time to see your doctor. Together, you can formulate a program to address the symptoms and increase energy levels so you can resume a quality lifestyle despite fybromyalgia.